Monthly Archives: October 2013
For my practicum, I decided to work in St. Rose’s garden, once a week for two hours. During my time working at St. Rose’s Garden I helped weed the beds of vegetables, plant additional seeds, water the beds, turn over … Continue reading
Should Market Failures Be Corrected By Government Regulation? The Case For Environmental Economics & Should Ecosystem Goods and Services (Natural Capital) Be Included in Cost-Benefit Analysis and Measures of Economic Performance and Human Welfare? The Case for Ecological Economics
A. Myrick Freeman III was the William D. Shipman Professor of Economics Emeritus at Bowdoin College. Much of his work has been devoted to the development of models estimating the welfare effects of environmental changes such as the benefits of … Continue reading
What’s Wrong with the Idea of Endless Population and Economic/GDP Growth and Consumption in the Free Market Approach?
We continue to discuss the realization that our population is growing an exponential rate while our resources remain at a lesser state. In section 52, VanDeVeer states that as other non-human species have had predators that have helped control their … Continue reading
Let the Market Decide? Anthropocentric, Libertarian Free Market Environmental Ethics & The Tragedy of the Commons: Does the Free Market Inevitably Generate Market Failures, Pareto Inefficiencies & Externalities?
William Baxter was a law professor at Stanford University. He identified himself as a speciesist, believing that “any moral consideration of animals is in relation to humans” (wikipedia). In terms of environmental ethics, he stated that humans have obligations to … Continue reading
Aldo Leopold was an American author, scientist, ecologist, forester and environmentalist and furthermore a professor at the University of Wisconsin. As a job, Leopold had been assigned to kill natural predators of the particular livestock. After having done so, Leopold … Continue reading
Judeo- Christian History: The Two Traditions of Dominion (Anthropocentrism) and Stewardship (Non-Athropocentrism) & U.S. Environmental History: The Two Traditions of Conservationism (Anthropocentrism) and Preservationism (Non-Anthropocentrism)
In section 3, entitled Western Religious and Cultural Perspectives, VanDeVeer discusses how secular and religious beliefs shaped our attitude toward the environment, specifically focusing on Judeo-Christian tradition, and it’s detrimental influence. He believes that religion encouraged “human arrogance toward nature” … Continue reading
Two Ethical Frameworks For the Value of Ecosystems and Their Goods and Service: Utilitarianism (Anthropocentrism) & Intrinsic Value (Non-Anthropocentrism)
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment focuses on the relationship among ecosystem services, human well-being, and the influence of direct and indirect drivers of change. In the chart below, human well-being is the main focus. The decisions towards biodiversity and ecosystems are … Continue reading